Artemisinin is an active constituent of the plant Artemisia annua, also known as sweet wormwood or Qinghaosu. Artemisinin is a sesquiterpene lactone. Artemisinin and other sesquiterpene lactones have been demonstrated to modulate immune system function and inflammation.* Artemisinin may impact the microbial ecosystem of the digestive system, genitourinary tract, blood, and beyond, as it has been shown to have broad microbial-balancing actions.* It also may impact biofilms which make infections such as Candida albicans resistant to treatment.